The White Rose — February 22, 1943

Today is the anniversary of the executions in Munich, Germany of three members of the White Rose, an underground student group that anonymously distributed leaflets critical of the Nazi government. Sophie Scholl, her brother Hans, and Christoph Probst were executed by guillotine on this day in 1943.

They created their leaflets on mimeograph machines and distributed them all over Munich. One of their leaflets contained this message:

Every word that proceeds from Hitler’s mouth is a lie. When he says peace, he means war. And when he names the name of the Almighty in a most blasphemous manner, he means the almighty evil one, that fallen angel, Satan. His mouth is the stinking maw of hell and his might is fundamentally reprobate. To be sure, one must wage the battle against National Socialism using rational means. But whoever still does not believe in the actual existence of demonic powers has not comprehended by far the metaphysical background of this war.

Such bravery was little known in Germany of the 1940’s and these three paid a dear price for it. The Gestapo response was swift and deadly. A tribute to their courage and love of liberty is here:

The courage to act and risk everything is a prerequisite for liberty to flourish. Remembering that they were not endowed with any particular human trait we don’t ourselves possess makes their sacrifice all the more extraordinary.

Read it all at An Anniversary of Three Executions

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